International Words in Polish

The table below shows how international words were adopted in the Polish language. These few examples should help you to understand Polish words like 'fizyka' or 'filozofia'.

Language International Word Shift Polish Word
English computer c > k komputer
German Computer c > k
English casino c > k; i > y kasyno
German Kasino i > y
French casino c > k; i > y
English club c > k klub
German Klub
French club c > k
English civilization ci > cy; v > w; tion > cja cywilizacja
German Zivilisation z > c; v > w; tion > cja
French civilisation ci > cy; v > w; tion > cja
English civilian ci > cy; v > w cywil
German Zivilist z > c; v > w
French civil ci > cy; v > w
English institution i > y; tion > cja instytucja
German Institution i > y; tion > cja
French institution i > y; tion > cja
English situation i > y; tion > cja sytuacja
German Situation i > y; tion > cja
French situation i > y; tion > cja
English philosophy ph > f; s > z filozofia
German Philosophie ph > f; s > z
French philosophie ph > f; s > z
English physics phy > fi; s > z; i > y; c > k fizyka
German Physik phy > fi; s > z; i > y;
French physique phy > fi; s > z